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Principles of Motion Economy   The principles of motion economy form a set of rules and suggestions to improve the manual work in manufacturing and reduce fatigue and unnecessary movements by the worker, which can lead to the reduction in the work related trauma. The principles of motion economy were first used by Frank Gilbreth, who listed them as ‘rules...

Method Study Procedure This procedure involves seven basic steps as follows : 1. SELECT Select the work to be studied and define its boundaries. There are three factors that should be kept in mind when selecting a job. i. Economic Factor It is obviously a waste of time to start or to continue a long investigation if the economic importance of a job is small,or if...

Method Study   Meaning Method Study is the first of the two main divisions of w0rk study and is concerned with the way in which work is done. Method study is essentially used for finding better ways of doing work. It is a technique for cost reduction. The philosophy of method study is that ‘there is always a better way of doing a job’ and the tools...

Pioneers of Performance Measurement   Measurement is in the realm of mathematics. It is about keeping track, about establishing dimensions. Some of the earliest measurement activities in human history track back to 35,000 B.C.  and 9,000-6,500 B.C. . Researchers consider them the first measurement tools in human history used for measuring intervals of time In...

Advantages of Work Study   It helps to achieve the smooth production flow with minimum interruptions. It helps to reduce the cost of the product by eliminating waste and unnecessary operations. Better work management relations Meets the delivery commitment. Reduction in rejections and scrap and higher utilization of resources of the organization. Helps to achieve...

Importance of Work Study   1. Work study is a means of enhancing the production efficiency(productivity) of the firm by elimination of waste and unnecessary operations. 2. It is a techniques to identify non-value adding operations by investigation of all the factors affecting the job. 3. It is the only accurate and systematic procedure oriented technique to establish...

Procedure/Steps involved in Work Study The basic procedure of work study is as follows: Select the job or process to be suited. Record from direct observation everything that happens in order to obtain data for analysis. Examine the recorded facts critically and challenge everything that is done,considering in turn:the purpose of activity,the place where it is Performed,the...

Work Study   Work Study is the systematic examination of the methods of carrying out activities such as to improve the effective use of resources and to set up standards of performance for the activities carried out. A generic term for those techniques, particularly method study and work measurement, which are used in the examination of human work in all its...

Value Analysis   Value Analysis is one of the major techniques of cost reduction and control. It is a disciplined approach which ensures the necessary functions for the minimum cost without diminishing quality, reliability, performance and appearance. Before understanding the meaning of phrase “value analysis” it is important to know the meaning of  the...

The Productivity Cycle   The productivity cycle consists of productivity measurement,productivity evaluation,productivity planning and productivity improvement,in that specific order.Accordingly,these are the four phases,or stages,of a formal productivity program.An organization desirous of taking up a productivity program must begin with productivity measurement.After...