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Producer and Consumer Risk   Risks in Acceptance sampling or Product  Control Producer’s Risk Consumer’s Risk  1. Producer’s Risk Sometimes it happen that inspite of good quality,the sample taken may show defective units as such the lot will be rejected. Inspite of good quality the lot is rejected,such a type of risk of rejection is known as producer’s...

Posted on Apr 9 2016 - 11:30am by Preeti
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Acceptance Sampling   Acceptance sampling is a statistical method that enables us to base the accept reject decision on the inspection of a sample of items from the lot. The items of interest can be incoming shipments of raw materials or purchased parts as well as finished goods from final assembly. Typical application of acceptance sampling is for lot disposition,...

Quality Function Deployment  QFD is a structured approach to defining customer needs or requirements and translating them into specific plans to produce products to meet those needs. The “voice of the customer” is the term to describe these stated and unstated customer needs or requirements. QFD is: Understanding Customer Requirements Quality Systems...

The Crosby Philosophy   Crosby philosophy on quality management is based upon the absolutes of quality management and basic elements of improvement .The absolutes of quality management are: quality is conformance to requirements not elegance, there is no such thing as a quality problem, no such thing as economics of quality, the only performance measure is cost...

The Juran’s Philosophy   Juran was a great Founding Father of quality, and was responsible for the famous Juran Trilogy concept. Juran’s approach to quality control  had Japanese roots. While Japan was price-competitive with the rest of the world, the quality of product did not measure up. This quality philosophy consists of three steps: Quality...

The Deming Management Philosophy   Edwards Deming offered 14 key principles for management to follow for significantly improving the effectiveness of a business or organization. Many of the principles are philosophical. Others are more programmatic. All are transformative in nature. The points were first presented in his book Out of the Crisis. Below is the...

Malcom Baldrige National Quality Award    The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award recognizes U.S. organizations in the business, health care, education, and nonprofit sectors for performance excellence. The Baldrige Award is the only formal recognition of the performance excellence of both public and private U.S. organizations given by the President of...

Total Quality Management and its Principles   To understand the meaning of “Total quality management”,it is first important to understand the meaning of quality. Quality refers to a parameter which decides the superiority or inferiority of a product or service. Quality can be defined as an attribute which differentiates a product or service from its competitors....

Relationships among Quality, Price, Market share, and Cost   Quality and Price Many believe that higher quality can only be produced at a higher cost; therefore, they assume that higher prices imply higher quality. This is not always the case. Research studies have found that when other factors such as brand name, store image, product features, or country of...

Quality in Manufacturing and Service Systems   Quality in Manufacturing Systems In manufacturing, quality is an important component of all functions. For example, effective market research is necessary to determine customer needs and identify functional requirements for product designers. Product designers must take care to neither overengineer (resulting in...