201. Which of the following is opposite to experimental research?
a. Ex-post facto research
b. Applied research
c. Action research
d. Case study research
202. Consider the following sampling techniques:
(i) Systematic sampling
(ii) Cluster sampling
(iii) Quota sampling
(iv) Snowball sampling
(v) Multi-stage sampling
Which of the above are quasi-probability sampling techniques?
a. Only (i), (ii), and (iv)
b. Only (ii), (iii), and (iv)
c. Only (i) and (v)
d. Only (iii) and (v)
203. Consider the following:
Which of the above are important characteristic of research?
a. (i) and (iii)
b. (ii), (iii), and (iv)
c. (i), (iii), and (iv)
d. (i), (ii), (iii), and (iv)
204. Consider the following statements:
(i) Quantitative research is unstructured.
(ii) Qualitative research flows from specific to general.
Which of the above statement(s) is/are not correct?
a. Only (i)
b. Only (ii)
c. Either (i) or (ii)
d. Neither (i) nor (ii)
205. Objectives of research are formulated after
a. Selection of topic
b. Defining research problem
c. Review of literature
d. Formulation of hypothesis
206. Which of the following is not correct?
a. Research is a systematic activity.
b. Research adds to the existing knowledge.
c. Researcher should adjust the findings of research according to the popular beliefs, values, etc.
d. Researcher should have creative thinking.
207. The variable ‘Marital Status’ has responses ‘Married, Divorce, Widow or Never Married’. What kind of variable is it?
a. Active variable
b. Dependent variable
c. Independent variable
d. Categorical variable
208. Research work can be published in
209. Which of the following is not needed in experimental research?
d. Reference collection
210. The population to be studied comprises groups with different proportions. Which sampling technique should be used to ensure that their representation in the sample is according to their size in the population?
a. Quota sampling
b. Proportionate sampling
c. Purposive sampling
d. Stratified random sampling
211. Type II error arises when
a. Null hypothesis is true, but it is rejected.
b. Null hypothesis is false and it is rejected.
c. Null hypothesis is true and it is not rejected.
d. Null hypothesis is false, but it is not rejected.
212. Consider the following:
Which of the above are qualitative variables?
c. Only (i), (iii), and (iv)
d. Only (ii) and (iv)
213. The mobile phone penetration in India has increased manifold from 1998 to 2018. What kind of study should be conducted to prove this?
a. Ex-post facto research
b. Experimental research
c. Longitudinal research
d. Cross-sectional research
214. How many responses can a dichotomous variable have?
d. More than two
215. A researcher has divided the population into different categories on the basis of some common characteristics and then has chosen equal number of samples randomly from each category. Which of the following sampling techniques has been used in selecting the sample?
a. Stratified random sampling
b. Simple random sampling
c. Quota sampling
d. Cluster sampling
216. Impact factor is used in the context of
217. In a research, data on school enrolment, sex ratio, number of schools, income of parents, and employment status of parents have been studied. Such a study involves use of
a. Time series data
b. Cross-sectional data
c. Panel data
218. If the null hypothesis is true and the alternate hypothesis is rejected, then it is a
a. Good decision
b. Type I error
c. Type II error
d. Nothing can be said
219. Assertion (A): Research plays an important role in the formulation of governmental policies.
Reason (R): It can be used to study problems faced by citizens and plan intervention accordingly.
Select the correct response:
a. (A) is true, (R) is true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
b. (A) is true, (R) is true, but (R) is not the cor¬rect explanation of (A).
c. (A) is true, (R) is false.
d. (A) is false, (R) is true.
220. Sampling techniques in which all the units of the population have an equal chance of selection is known as :
a. Quasi probability sampling
b. Probability sampling
c. Non-probability sampling
d. All of the above