# Research Aptitude Free MCQs/Practice Questions – UGC NET Paper 1

81. When a possible solution to the problem has been written in desired direction, this type of hypothesis is called
a. Directional hypothesis
b. Non-directional hypothesis
c. Declarative hypothesis
d. None of the above

Ans: a

82. Which of the following precaution should be kept in mind by the researcher during the selection of a representative sample?
a. Deep knowledge of the target population
b. The adequate knowledge of the sampling techniques
c. Accurate implementation of the sampling design
d. All the above

Ans: d

83. The meaning of the probability sampling is
a. Where lies the uniform probability of inclusion of all the elements of the population in a sample
b. Where the complete representativeness of the population is considered
c. Where no prejudices exist with any element of the sample
d. All the above

Ans: d

84. In Non-probability sampling the probability exists of
a. Insufficient population
b. Limitations of data
c. Both of the above
d. None of the above

Ans: c

85. The meaning of Randomization is
a. Each element of population has equal chances to be included in the sample
b. The selection of an individual from population does not pose threat to the selection of other individuals in the sample
c. The method does not include the personal basis
d. All the above

Ans: d

86. The method of Randomization is
a. Lottery or coin method
b. Blind folded on dice method
c. Tippit’s table of irregular members
d. All the above

Ans: d

87. The advantage of random sampling is
a. It is the excellent method of sample selection
b. It is an economic method in terms of money, time, and energy
c. It produces accurate results
d. All the above

Ans: d

88. The quality of probable sample is
a. It represents the population in excellent manner
b. It has normal distribution of the data gathered from the sample
c. The data is analysed through normal statistical techniques
d. All the above

Ans: d

89. The limitation of the probability sample is
a. It does not guarantee representativeness of the sample from a population
b. The data do not fulfill the standards of the normal probability curve
c. It has great risk of generalization of the results
d. All the above statements are correct.

Ans: d

90. The quality of Non-probability sampling is
a. Easy and convenient selection of the sample
b. It has no question of probability of selection of an element
c. It can be analysed through simple statistical method
d. All the above are correct

Ans: d

91. In Stratified sampling the units are selected
a. After dividing the population in different groups on the basis of specific standard and then taking an equal proportion of units from each group
b. After dissociating the population in different groups on the basis of specific standard and then the units are selected from these groups.
c. After dividing the population in different ‘strata’ and then selecting any one strata out of them
d. None of the above

Ans: a

92. Suppose the population is quite comprehensive and distributed in a large geographical area. In such a situation what kind of sampling procedure would you like to prefer?
a. Multi level sampling
b. Systematic sampling
c. Cluster sampling
d. None of the above

Ans: c

93. The Purposive sample will be
a. Depending on the researcher’s whims
b. Based upon a specific objective of sampling procedure
c. Based on the excellent method of sampling
d. None of the above

Ans: b

94. The types of Historical method are
a. Descriptive and Analytical
b. Historical-Constitutional and Reporting
c. School survey and social surveys
d. Survey Examination – Questionnaire survey

Ans: b

95. The position of sample in Survey method is
a. Essential
b. Partial
c. Constant
d. None of the above

Ans: a

96. Generally the external and internal validity is present in the inference which we get from
a. Experimental method
b. Survey method
c. Ex Post Facto method
d. None of the above

Ans: c

97. Which of the following method is free from the difficulties related with sampling, control and validity of inferences?
a. Historical method
b. Philosophical method
c. Experimental method
d. Survey method

Ans: a

98. The internal validity related with inferences is associated to
a. Ex post Facto method of research
b. Experimental method of research
c. Both of the above
d. None of the above

Ans: b

99. Which one of the following research methods have the similarity in nature when compared in relation to sample, control and validity of inferences?
a. Experimental and Ex Post Facto method
b. Historical and philosophical method
c. Survey and Experimental method
d. None of the above

Ans: b

100. Survey method is associated with
a. Those exercises which are continued regularly
b. Those processes which are continued regularly
c. The experiences which have been already realised
d. All the above

Ans: d

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