UGC NET Paper 1 Free Study Material
Teaching Aptitude Free Study Notes and updated Syllabus
Teaching: Concept, Objectives, Levels of teaching (Memory, Understanding and Reflective), Characteristics and basic requirements.
Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (Academic, Social, Emotional and Cognitive), Individual differences.
Factors affecting teaching related to: Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment and Institution.
Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning: Teacher centred vs. Learner centred methods; Off-line vs. On-line methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.
Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern and ICT based.
Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of evaluation, Evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.
Concept of Teaching
It is realized on all hands that education is important not only for the preservation and transmission of culture but is also an important instrument in all spheres – Social, Economic, Political and Vocational. But at present moment, preparation for vocation is taken by many as the fundamental aim of education. Earning of livelihood has become completely dependent upon education. Therefore, education is a complex social, cultural and ethical process designed in a social or cultural context. It is very much related with social structures, cultural environments, values and ideals of people, society and the Government. These being dynamic factors because of which the definition of teaching has been changing along with time, place and society.
In brief a proper definition of teaching should-
(i) Identify whether teaching is a process or product
(ii) Clearly indicate its constitutional factors
(iii) reveal objectives, and
(iv) say something about its organizational and structural aspect.
1.According to Morrison, teaching is a disciplined social process in which teacher influences the behaviour of the less experienced pupil and helps him develop according to the needs and ideas of the society. Thus teaching is reduced to what the teacher teaches.
2.Smith states that teaching is an organized system of specific activities aimed to help the learner learn something. Teaching may be carried out in the absence of the teacher. Smith further elaborated the definition. He considered teaching as a tripolar process involving-
(i) Agent or source producing learning which may be human or material,
(ii) a goal or target to be achieved, and
(iii) the intervening variables consisting of learning or teaching situation involving human or physical conditions and instructional methods.
3. Brubacher takes teaching to where the pupils play the central role and the teacher arranges and creates situations for learning.
4. Gage defined teaching as personal relationship between the teacher and the taught causing behaviour modification.
5. Amidon considered teaching as a process of interaction between the teacher and the taught as a cooperative enterprise, a two-way traffic. This definition considered teaching as a set of properly planned and clearly defined activities undertaken for the achievement of certain objectives.
6. Clarke broadened the scope of teaching and included all those organised activities that may result in modifying the behaviour of the learner
7.Green gave a very narrow and misnomeric concept of teaching when he called it a profession and said that teaching is what a teacher does for the development of a child.
Objectives of Teaching
Major objectives of teaching are as follows :
- To bring desired changes in pupils.
- To shape behaviour and conduct.
- Acquisition of knowledge
- To improve the learning skills of students.
- Formation of belief.
- To provide a social and efficient member to the society.
The Aim of Teaching
The aims of teaching with respect to its various modes, are as follows-
- Teaching – To bring changes in the behaviour of students.
- Conditioning – To improve the learning skills of students.
- Training – Shaping the behaviour and conduct.
- Instruction – Acquisition of knowledge.
- Indoctrination – Formation of belief.