Training and Development- Need, Types, Steps, Methods and Effectiveness
At the enterprise level, employee training and development are main areas of human resource development. The efficiency of an organisation depends directly on the capability and talent of its personnel, and how motivated they are. Capability of a person depends on his ability to work and the type of training he receives. While his personal capability is evaluated through proper selection procedure, his training is taken care of by the organisation after he has been employed by the organisation. After employee have been selected for various positions in an organisation, training them for those specific tasks to which they have been assigned assumes great importance. It is true in many organisations that before an employee is fitted into a harmonious working relationship with other employees, he is given adequate training. Training is the act of increasing the knowledge and skills of an employee for performing a particular job. The major outcome of training is learning. A trainee learn new habits, refined skills and useful knowledge during the training that helps him improve performance. Training enables an employee to do his present job more efficiently and prepare himself for a higher level job.
Training, Education, Learning and Development
Training is an act of increasing knowledge, skill and attitude of an employee for improving his performance on the job.
Training is concerned with imparting specific skill for doing particular job. For example, a clerk on typing. It is task-oriented activity. It is for job related purpose and short-term.
Education is concerned with increasing general knowledge and understanding of an employee’s total environment. Education is directed more towards the future of an individual .It prepares him for future challenges of life,shapes his career and grooms him for social responsibilities.
Learning is the process of accumulation of knowledge,skills and attitudes by whatever means. Learning is a broad one which includes both training and education. Learning is observable modification of behaviour as a result of some experience. Learning may be through experience, reading, observation, discussions, electronic media including internet, experimentation, facing the new challenges, travel and exploration, etc.
Development has a broader meaning. Its aim is to grow or improve the overall personality of an individual. It is continuous process and is on the initiative from individual. Development is to meet an individual’s future needs. Efforts tow ards development often depend on personal drive and ambition. It helps individual’s in the progress towards maturity and actualisation of their potential capacities. Development is whole process by which employee learns, grows, improves his abilities to perform variety of roles within and outside the organisation. He acquires socially desirable attitudes and values.