Important Inventions and Discoveries (General Knowledge)

General Knowledge

 

Important Discoveries and Inventions

A discovery is recognizing something that already exists for the first time, that nobody has found before. An invention is creating something totally new with one’s own ideas and development.

Important Inventions

Name of Invention

Inventor Nationality Year
Adding Machine Blaise Pascal France

1642

Aeroplane

Orville and Wilbur Wright U.S.A. 1903
Air conditioning Willis Carrier New York

1902

Animation

Emile Reynaud France 1892
Antiseptic Dr. Joseph Lister England

1867

Animation

Emile Reynaud France 1892
Atom Bomb Julius Robert Oppenheimer U.S.A.

1945

Ball-Point Pen

John J. Loud U.S.A. 1888
Barometer Evangelista Torricelli Italy

1644

Bicycle

Kirkpatrick Macmillan Britain 1839-40
Bifocal Lens Benjamin Franklin U.S.A.

1780

Car (Petrol)

Karl Benz Germany 1888
Celluloid Alexander Parkes Britain

1861

Cement

Joseph Aspdin England 1824
Cinema Nicolas and Jean Lumiere France

1895

Clock (Mechanical)

Yi Xing China 725
Cadmium Friedrich Stromeyer Germany

1817

Diesel Engine

Rudolf Diesel Germany 1895
Dynamite Alfred Nobel Sweden

1867

Electric stove

William Hadaway U.S.A. 1896
Electric Battery Alessandro Volta U.S.A.

1800

Electric Generator

Michael Faraday UK 1831
Electromagnet William Sturgeon England

1824

Electric Lamp

Thomas Alva Edison U.S.A. 1879
Electronic Computer Dr. Alan M Turning Britain

1943

Elevator

Elisha G. Otis U.S.A. 1852
Electronic Elevator Wener Von Siemens Germany

1880

Fountain Pen

Lewis Edson Waterman U.S.A. 1884
Gramophone Thomas Edison U.S.A.

1878

Gyrocompass

Elmer A. Sperry U.S.A. 1908
Helicopter Igor Sikorsky Russia

1939

Insulin

Frederick G Banting Canada 1921
Internet Robert E. Kahn and Vint Cerf U.S.A.

1973

Jet Engine

Hans Von Ohain Germany 1936
Jet Engine Hans Von Ohain/Sir Frank Whittle Germany/Britain

1936/1937

Laser

Charles H. Townes U.S.A 1960
Microwave oven Percy Spencer U.S.A.

1947

Machine Gun

Richard Gaffing U.S.A. 1861
Mobile phone Martin Cooper U.S.A.

1973

Motor Scooter

Greville Bradshaw England 1919
Microscope Zacharis Janssen Netherlands

1590

Microphone

Alexander Graham Bell U.S.A. 1876
Motor Cycle G. Daimler Germany

1885

Pacemaker

Wilson Greatbatch U.S.A. 1958
Paper Cai Lun or Ts’ai Lun China

100 BC

Parachute

Jean Pierre Blanchard France 1785
Pendulum clock Christiaan Huygens Netherlands

1657

Photograph

Joseph Nicephore Niepce France 1826
Piano Bartolomeo Cristofori Italy

1700

Pluto (Planet)

Clyde Tombaugh U.S.A. 1930
Plutonium G.T. Seaborg U.S.A

1940

Pocket watch

Peter Henlein Germany 1510
Postage stamp Rowland Hill England

1837

Post card

John P. Charlton U.S.A. 1861
Printing Press Johann Gutenberg Germany

1455

Proton

Ernest Rutherford England 1919
Quantum Theory Max Planck Germany

1900

Radium

Pierre & Marie Curie France 1898
Refrigerator James Harrison and Alexander Catlin U.S.A.

1850

Revolver

Samuel Colt U.S.A 1935
Ship (steam) J.C. Perier France

1775

Ship (turbine)

Hon. Sir C. Parsons Britain 1894
Silicon Jons Berzelius Sweden

1824

Small Pox Vaccine

Edward Jenner England 1796
Steam engine Thomas Savery U.K.

1698

Stethoscope

Rene Laennec France 1816
Steel Production Henry Bessemer Britain

1855

Steel (Stainless)

Harry Brearley Britain 1913
Submarine David Bushnell U.S.A.

1776

Telegraph

Samuel Morse U.S.A. 1844
Telephone Scott Alexander Graham Bell Canada

1874

Television (mechanical)

John Logie Baird Britain 1926
Television (electronic) P.T. Farnsworth U.S.A.

1927

Thermometer

Galileo Galilei Italy 1593
Mercury Thermometer Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit Germany

1714

Medical Thermometer

Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt U.K. 1866
Transformer Michael Faraday Britain

1831

Transistor

Bardeen, Shockley and Brattain U.S.A. 1948
Typewriter Peter Mitterhofer Austria

1864

Vaccination

Dr. Edward Jenner England 1796
Vacuum Cleaner Ives McGaffey U.S.A.

1869

Washing Machine (electronic)

Alva J. Fisher (Hurley Machine Co.) U.S.A. 1907
World Wide Web (www) Tim Berners-Lee U.K.

1989

Zip

W.L. Judson U.S.A.

1891

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