Work Study is the systematic examination of the methods of carrying out activities such as to improve the effective use of resources and to set up standards of performance for the activities carried out.
A generic term for those techniques, particularly method study and work measurement, which are used in the examination of human work in all its contexts, and which lead systematically to to the investigation of all the factors which affect the efficiency and economy of the situation being reviewed, in order to effect improvement.
Components of Work Study
Work study is encompassed by two techniques i.e. Method Study and Work measurement.
a) Method study is systematic recording and critical examination existing and proposed ways of doing work,as a means of developing and applying easier and more effective methods and reducing costs.
b) Work measurement is the application of techniques designed to establish the time for a qualified worker to carry out a specified job at a defined level of performance.
There is a close link between Method Study and Work Measurement.Method study is concerned with the reduction of the work content and establishing the one best way of doing the job where as work measurement is concerned with investigation and education of any ineffective time associated with the job and establishing time standards for an operation carries out as per standard method.