Objectives of Worker’s Participation in Management
- To increase the production and the productivity of the employees by improving the industrial and human relations in the organization.
- To give employees a better understanding of their role in the working of the industry and the process of production.
- To promote individual development and the extension of individual’s human rights at the work place and to bring the worker recognition, treatment and attention as a human being rather than as mere statistical unit of production.
- To achieve industrial peace, better relations and increased co-operation in industry.
- To develop leaders from within the industry.
Importance and Need of Worker’s Participation in Management
Worker’s participation in management provides the following benefits:
- Reduced Industrial Unrest
Industrial conflict is a struggle between two industrial groups which are motivated by the belief that their respective interests are endangered by the self-interested behvaiour of the other. Participation cuts at this very root of industrial conflict. It tries to remove or atleast minimize the diverse and conflicting interests between the parties, by substituting in their place cooperation, homogeneity of objectives and common interests.
- Mutual Understanding
Generally, employers and employees doubt the integrity of each other due to ignorance of each other’s problems. Participation brings the two groups closer and makes them aware of each other’s problems. As a result, a better understanding and mutual trust can be treated between employer and workers.
- Higher Productivity
Increased productivity is possible only when there exists fullest co-operation between labour and management. It has been empirically tested that poor ‘labour management relations’ do not encourage the workers to contribute anything more than the minimum desirable work to retain their jobs. Thus participation of workers in management is essential to increase industrial productivity.
- Increased Organisational Balance
If workers participate to solve organizational problems and work towards common solutions, a greater degree of organizational balance occurs because of decreased misunderstandings and individual and group conflicts. Participation leads to increased understanding throughout the organisation.
- Industrial Harmony
Workers participation in management helps to reduce industrial disputes and to improve worker’s loyality. Continuous dialogue between management and workers improves peace in industry.
- Improved Communication
It is seldom possible for managers to have knowledge of all alternatives and all consequences related to the decision which they must make. Because of the existence of barriers to the upward flow of information in most enterprises, much valuable information possessed by subordinates never reaches heir managers. Participation tends to break the barriers and makes the information available to managers. To the extent such information alters the decisions the quality of decision is improved.
- Industrial Democracy
Participation of workers in management ushers in industrial democracy which is necessary for political democracy. Need for outside intervention between employer and employees is eliminated and workers are freed from exploitation.
- Less resistance to change
Workers often resist change due to fear and ignorance. When workers participate in the decision making they come to understand that change is ultimately in their own interest. They become more bale and ready to adopt themselves to technological and other changes made to improve the competitive position of the company.
- Creativity and Innovation
Participation encourages workers to think and take initiative. Their talent and ability can be capitalized, highly competent employees can be spotted and given prevention. Participator is helpful in training and developing future executives. Worker’s urge for self-expression is satisfied.
- Increased commitment
An important prerequisite for forging greater commitment is the individual’s involvement and opportunity to express himself. Participation allows individuals to express themselves at the work place rather than being absorbed into a complex system of rules, procedures and systems. If an individual knows that he can express his opinion and ideas, a personal sense of gratification and involvement takes place within him. This, in turn fortifies his identification with the organization resulting in greater commitment.