Worker’s Participation in Management- Definitions, Features, Objectives and Forms
i. Meaning of Worker’s Participation in Management
ii. Definitions of Worker’s Participation
iii. Features/Characteristics of Worker’s Participation
iv. Objectives of Worker’s Participation in Management
v. Importance or Worker’s Participation
vi. Need of Worker’s Participation
vii. Forms of Worker’s Participation in Management/Mode of Worker’s Participation in Management
viii. Reasons for Failure of Worker’s Participation in India
ix. Requirement of Successful Worker’s Participation in Management
Meaning of Worker’s Participation in Management
The concept of Worker’s Participation in Management is considered as a mechanism where workers have a say in the decision making process of an enterprise. This term is interpreted in many ways by various parties to industrial relations, namely workers, management and government. Managers generally interpret it merely joint consultation prior to decision making whereas workers normally think of it as equivalent to co-decision or co-determination in the spheres of managerial functions. Many industrial relations experts regard it as association of labour with management without the final authority or responsibility in the general area of managerial functions.
According to Davis
It is a mental and emotional involvement of a person in a group situation which encourages him to contribute to goals and share responsibilities with them.
According to Mehtras
The concept of participation as principle of democratic administration in an industry implies a share by rank and file in the decision making process of an industrial organization through their representatives at all the appropriate levels of management in the entire range of managerial action.
Features/Characteristics of Worker’s Participation in Management
- Participation means mental and emotional involvement rather than mere physical presence.
- Workers participate in management not as individuals but collectively as group through their representatives.
- Worker’s participation is based on the theory that a worker invests his labour and ties his fate to his place of work. Therefore he has laegitimate right to share in the determination of company policy.
- Worker’s participation in management may be formal or informal. In both cases, it is a system of communication and consultation whereby employees express their opinions and contribute to managerial decisions. They are kept informed of the company’s affairs.
- Worker’s participation should be distinguished from collective bargaining. The former is based on mutual trust, information sharing and mutual problem solving. On the other hand, collective bargaining is essentially based on power play, pressure tactics and negotiations.
- The participation has to be at different levels of management – shop floor, plant, department and corporate levels.