Section 31. Validation of fixation of certain minimum rates of wages
Where during the period –
(a) commencing on the 1st day of April 1952 and ending with the date of the commencement of the Minimum Wages (Amendment) Act 1954 (26 of 1954); or
(b) commencing on the 31st day of December 1954 and ending with the date of the commencement of the Minimum Wages (Amendment) Act 1957 (30 of 1957); or
(c) commencing on the 31st day of December 1959 and ending with the date of the commencement of the Minimum Wages (Amendment) Act 1961 (31 of 1961) minimum rate of wages have been fixed by an appropriate government as being payable to employees employed in any employment specified in the Schedule in the belief or purported belief that such rates were being fixed under clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 3 as in force immediately before the commencement of the Minimum Wages (Amendment) Act 1954 (26 of 1954) or the Minimum Wages (Amendment) Act 1957 (30 of 1957) or the Minimum Wages (Amendment) Act 1961 (31 of 1961) as the case may be such rates shall be deemed to have been fixed in accordance with law and shall not be called in question in any court on the ground merely that the relevant date specified for the purpose in that clause had expired at the time the rates were fixed :
Provided that nothing contained in this section shall extend or be construed to extend to affect any person with any punishment or penalty whatsoever by reason of the payment by him by way of wages to any of his employees during any period specified in this section of an amount which is less than the minimum rates of wages referred to in this section or by reason of non-compliance during the period aforesaid with any order or the rule issued under section 13.
(1) Employment in any woolen carpet making or shawl weaving establishment.
(2) Employment in any rice mill flour mill or dal mill.
(3) Employment in any tobacco (including bidi making) manufactory.
(4) Employment in any plantation that is to say any estate which is maintained for the purpose of growing cinchona rubber tea or coffee.
(5) Employment in any oil mill.
(6) Employment under any local authority.
(7) Employment on the construction or maintenance of roads or in building operations.
(8) Employment in stone breaking or stone crushing.
(9) Employment in any lac manufactory.
(10) Employment in any mica works.
(11) Employment in public motor transport.
(12) Employment in tanneries and leather manufactory.
Employment in gypsum mines.
Employment in barytes mines.
Employment in bauxite mines.
Employment in manganese mines.
Employment in the maintenance of buildings and employment in the construction and maintenance of runways.
Employment in china clay mines.
Employment in kyantite mines.
Employment in copper mines.
Employment in clay mines covered under the Mines Act 1952 (35 of 1952).
Employment in magnesite mines covered under the Mines Act 1952 (35 of 1952).
Employment in white clay mines.
Employment in stone mines.
Employment in agriculture that is to say in any form of farming including the cultivation and tillage of the soil dairy farming the production cultivation growing and harvesting of any agricultural or horticultural commodity the raising of live-stock bees or poultry and any practice performed by a farmer or on a farm as incidental to or in conjunction with farm operation (including any forestry or timbering operations and the preparation for market and delivery to storage or to market or to carriage for transportation to market of farm produce).