NEP 2020 India Frequently Asked Questions (Quiz) with Answers
• A 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 structure for school education will be adopted instead of 10 + 2 structure that we have been following. With the 5+3+3+4 system of education, the 10+2 system would not change in terms of the years a child spends within the formal education system in the country at the school level. The new structure brings into fold the already existing play schools within the scope of ‘formal education’.
Lets try to understand the break-up of this 5 + 3+ 3 + 4 system.
i. Foundation Stage of 5 years
Students in the age group of 3-8 years will be part of foundation stage. In these 5 years the first two years will be of Anganwadi/preschooling and next years will be of Grade 1 and 2. In this stage the focus will be on development of language skills, teaching by play based and activity based curriculum.
ii. Preparatory Stage of 3 years
Students in the age group of 8 – 11 years will be part of preparatory stage. This stage includes Grade 3, 4 and 5. Here the focus will be on play, discovery, activity based and interactive classroom learning. There will be more formal style of learning as compared to previous stage. Some books will be incorporated but here also play and discovery based approach will be used. In this stage the focus will be on developing the language and numeracy skills of the students.
iii. Middle Stage of 3 years
Students in the age groups of 11-14 will be part of Middle stage. This stage includes Grade 6, 7 and 8. From 6th class professional and skillful knowledge will be provided to the kids. There will be learning through experience in the fields like science, mathematics, arts, social science and humanities. Students from 6th class will be given opportunity to learn coding. This system is prevalent in countries like U.S. and China. Now in India also students will be able to learn the technique of developing phones and software from a very young age. As part of a holistic education, students from 6th class will be provided with opportunities for internships with local industry, businesses, artists, crafts persons, villages and local communities, etc. Therefore, apart from conceptual learning students will be provided with field experience through projects and internships.
iv. Secondary Stage
Students in the age group of 14-18 will be part of Secondary Stage. This stage includes Grade 9, 10, 11 and 12. By the age of 14 adolescents begin to think about their life plans. So in this stage teaching will be subject oriented and curriculum based. Each year of this stage will be divided into 2 semesters, i.e. from 9th to 12th there will be 8 semesters. There will be no stream system in the schools as it used to be earlier. Mainly there were three streams in school education system – commerce stream, arts stream and science stream. A commerce stream student could not study physics and a Non-medical stream student could not study History. But under this New Education Policy if a student from one stream wants to study the subjects of other streams he can do that. For this a pool of subjects will be created and the students has to select the subjects of his/her interest from that pool only. Even vocational course and extra-curricular activities will be given as much important as academic studies.
• Another important change that is going to take place in school education is that the medium of instruction till Grade 5 would be home language/mother tongue or local language or regional language. This will be followed by both public and private schools. It is believed that children learn best if they learn in their mother tongue or local language. But this doesn’t mean that English will not be taught to children but it only means that the medium of instruction will not be English in primary years. English will only be taught as a subject to the students.
• Board exams for class 10th and 12th would be made easier and students will be allowed to appear for them twice a year. Board exams will be divided into objective and descriptive section in order to test core capabilities and the knowledge of the students. In short mugging up an answer will not get marks any longer.
• A three language formula with great flexibility will be adopted. The NEP stated that
“There will be greater flexibility in the 3 language formula and no language will be imposed on any state. The 3 languages learned by children will be the choice of States, regions and of course the students themselves. As long as at atleast two of the 3 languages are native to India. Sanskrit will be offered as an option at all levels of school and higher education.”