Organizational Behavior Concept
Organizational Behaviour is concerned with that aspect of human behavior which is relevant for organizational performance. It studies human behavior at individual level, group level and organizational level. It applies the knowledge gained about individuals, groups and the effect of organization structure in behavior towards the end of making organizations work more effectively. The study of O.B. improves people’s understanding and ability to work together as a team and to achieve organizational goals effectively.
According to Robbins
O.B. is a field of study that investigate the impact that individuals, groups and structure have, on behavior within organization for the purpose of applying such knowledge towards improving organization’s effectiveness.
According to Aldag and Brief
O.B. is a branch of the social sciences that seeks to build theories that can be applied to predicting, understanding and controlling behavior in work organizations.
According to Callahan
Organization behavior is subset of management activities concerned with under-standing, predicting and influencing individual behavior in organizational settings.
According to Joe Kelly
O.B. is concerned with the study of the behavior and attitudes of man in an organizational setting, the organization’s effects on his perception, feelings and actions and particularly on his behavior for the achievement of the organization’s purposes.
According to Newstrom
O.B. is systematic and careful application of knowledge about how people, as individuals and as groups, act within organizations.
According to Fred Luthans
Organizational behavior is the understanding, prediction and management of human behavior in organizations.
According to Ivancevuch, Knonopaske and Matteson
Organizational Behaviour is the study of human behavior, attitudes and performance within an organizational setting.
According to Moorhead and Griffin
Organizational Behavior is the study of human behavior in organizational settings, the interface between human behavior and the organization, and between the organizations itself.
Key elements of O.B.
A complete set of forces affects the nature of organisations and continuously reshapes the nature of managing within organisations. This complex set of forces can be classified into four key elements:
- Environment in which the organisation operates