What is Teaching? Concept of Teaching

Teaching Aids

A teaching aid is something a classroom teacher uses in her class to help students improve reading and other skills, reinforce a skill, or to make learning fun. Teaching aids can be used in any of the core classes.

Definition

A teaching aid is a tool used by teachers, facilitators, or tutors to help learners improve reading and other skills illustrate or reinforce a skill, fact, or idea, and relieve anxiety, fear, or boredom, since many teaching aids are like games.

There are several types of teaching aids to be utilized in a classroom.

Chart 

Chart showing Human Skeleton System

A chart is something that shows a group of facts in the form of a diagram, table, or a graph. Charts can be large enough to mount on a wall. Wall charts can be used for whole group lessons; the teacher can write an outline or word definitions on the wall chart.

Flash Cards

A flash card is part of a set of cards that has numbers, letters, pictures or words on it. They are commonly used for drilling students on facts. Flash cards may also be used to enhance student memory.

Flip Charts

Flip Chart

Flip charts are useful for teaching large groups at one time. A flip chart is a large group of papers that are attached at the top so that the papers can be flipped over one at a time to show a new page of paper. Flip charts are often placed on an easel, which allows the teacher to easily move it. A teacher can use a flip chart when she is showing different parts of a lesson, stages in the process of something, steps of something, or the progress of a story as it unfolds. Flip charts are very versatile and can be used for all classes.

Maps

Maps are something teachers can use for various projects or lessons. A map is something to use when a teacher is describing where a city, state, country, or continent is located. Teachers can show students different types of terrain, the population of a specific state or country, or the amount of precipitation in various areas. Maps are great for social studies and science and give students a great understanding of spatial relations.

Newspapers

Many teachers may not know that a newspaper is a great teaching aid. Teachers can use them to teach about people, places and things in language arts. Newspapers can be used for math activities, such as clipping coupons and doing basic math. A teacher can use a newspaper for finding parts of speech, teaching about life skills, or to keep students current on news events.

Graphs

Graphs are a wonderful teacher’s aid and can be used for any subject. Teachers can make their own graphs and use them to compare population growth in social studies, numbers or ratios of objects in math class, or even use them for charting student growth. Teachers can make their own graphs using computer programs or can choose to go the old-fashioned way and use graph paper.

Surveys

These are another great teaching aid. Teachers can make their own survey to pass out to the class. On that survey, the teacher may ask the students to answer yes, no, multiple choice, or short answer questions regarding a recent teaching unit, the overall performance of the teacher or the school in general. Surveys are a great way for a teacher to get feedback and use that feedback to improve teaching skills or change future lessons for more success!

Teaching aids can add to lessons, show students specifics of the lesson, or improve basic skills. There are so many teaching aids available to teachers today; the possibilities are endless.

One cannot learn how to use teaching aids skillfully from a book. This only comes through practice. However, the following principles may be useful to consider with any visual or audio-visual aids.

Audio-visual aids, in modern age, are used as teaching aids for all. They extensively facilitate and enrich the learning process. They make the concepts more clear and can be repeated over and over again.

Principles of Audio-Visual aids

(i)Principle of fulfillment of objective

(ii)Principle of selection

(iii)Principle of effectiveness

  • Select the aids most suited to the communication objective, the location, and the composition and size of the audience.
  • Use the aids to reinforce the message or to support the activity that is going on. They are there to assist, to complement and supplement what the presenter is doing. In a talk to a group of farmers, for example, refer to the aids, explain them and ask questions about them to check whether the audience has understood the key points.
  • Make sure that the audience will be able to see and hear clearly. Audio cassettes that cannot be heard or words on a board that are too small to be seen can make the audience restless and inattentive, and even start talking amongst themselves.
  • Practice using the aids beforehand. Where projectors aids are used, it is important that the presenter is fully accustomed to using the equipment.

Advantages

(i)They make class room teaching effective

(ii)They make learning easy

(iii)They make use of more sensory organs.

(iv)They create interest and motivate students

Hardware and Software. Radio, TV, Tape-Recorder are said to be hardware teaching aids whereas chalk – board, cartoons and models are software aids. Some teaching aids are only audio aids: Radio, Tape Recorders etc., whereas television is an audio-visual aid. TV.  is the most powerful and effective mean for the education of masses. For correcting pronunciation in languages, tape-recorder is a very helpful aid for learners. Black board is the cheapest and commonly used class room teaching aid. The Government of India started operation Black – Board in 1987 – 88 to make good use of this commonly used teaching aid.

What is Teaching? Concept of Teaching

22 thoughts on “What is Teaching? Concept of Teaching

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