Biomedical Waste – Meaning, Types, Regulation and Guidelines

Posted on Oct 10 2019 - 10:26am by Preeti

Biomedical Waste


Topics Covered

What is biomedical waste/Medical Waste?

Types of medical waste and their treatment and disposal

Regulation and Management of Biomedical Waste/Medical Waste

Guidelines for segregation of biomedical waste


Biomedical Waste/Medical Waste

The wastes generated in hospitals, nursing homes, pathological laboratories, and research institutions are referred to as biomedical waste. These comprise used needles, syringes, blood, blood bags, urine bags, glucose bottles, bandages, chemicals, and body parts. Biomedical wastes are one of the sources of spreading diseases such as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), hepatitis, septicemia, and other infections.

The categories of BMW are listed as follows:

Types of Wastes Treatment and Disposal
Human anatomical waste (human tissues, body parts, and organs) Incineration/ Deep burial
Animal waste (tissues, body parts, organs, bleeding parts, fluid, blood, waste generated by veterinary hospitals and colleges, discharge from hospitals and experimental animals used in research) Incineration/ Deep burial



Microbiology and biotechnology waste (stocks, specimens of microorganisms live, human and animal cell culture used in research, infectious agents from research, waste from biological, toxins, dishes and devices used for transfer of cultures) Local autoclaving/Microwaving/Incineration
Waste sharps (needles, syringes, blades, glass and scalpels) Disinfection/ Micro-waving and Mutilation/Shredding
Discarded medicines and Cytotoxic drugs (wastes comprising outdated, contaminated, and discarded medicines) Incineration/Destruction
Solid waste (items contaminated with blood and body fluids and other materials contaminated with blood) Incineration autoclaving/ Micro-waving
   Solid waste (wastes generated from disposable items such as tubings, catheters and intravenous sets) Autoclaving/Microwaving and Mutilation
Liquid waste (waste generated from washing, laboratory, cleaning and house-keeping) Chemical treatment
Incineration ash (ash from incineration of BMW) Disposal in municipal landfills
Chemical waste (chemicals used in the production of biological) Chemical treatment
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B.Tech Biotechnology,MBA(HR and Marketing), UGC/CBSE NET Qualified

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