The National Judicial Appointments Commission ( NJAC) has been declared unconstitutional by :
(a) The High Court
(b) The Supreme Court
(c) The President of India
(d) Union Cabinet
The correct answer is option b (The Supreme Court).
National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) was a proposed body which would have been responsible for the appointment and transfer of judges to the higher judiciary in India. The Commission was established by amending the Constitution of India through the ninety-ninth constitution amendment with the Constitution (Ninety-Ninth Amendment) Act, 2014 or 99th Constitutional Amendment Act-2014 passed by the Lok Sabha on 13 August 2014 and by the Rajya Sabha on 14 August 2014. The NJAC would have replaced the collegium system for the appointment of judges as invoked by the Supreme court via judicial fiat by a new system. Along with the Constitution Amendment Act, the National Judicial Appointments Commission Act, 2014, was also passed by the Parliament of India to regulate the functions of the National Judicial Appointments Commission. The NJAC Bill and the Constitutional Amendment Bill, was ratified by 16 of the state legislatures in India, and subsequently assented by the President of India Pranab Mukherjee on 31 December 2014. The NJAC Act and the Constitutional Amendment Act came into force from 13 April 2015.
On 16 October 2015, the Constitution Bench of Supreme Court by 4:1 Majority upheld the collegium system and struck down the NJAC as unconstitutional after hearing the petitions filed by several persons and bodies with Supreme Court Advocates on Record Association (SCAoRA) being the first and lead petitioner. Justices J. S. Khehar, Madan Lokur, Kurian Joseph and Adarsh Kumar Goel had declared the 99th Amendment and NJAC Act unconstitutional while Justice Chelameswar upheld it.
Formulation of hypothesis may not be necessary in
a. survey studies
b. fact finding (historical) studies
c. experimental studies
d. normative studies
Correct answer is option b.
The term ‘TRP’ is associated with TV shows stands for
a) Total Rating Points
b) Time Rating Points
c) Thematic Rating Points
d) Television Rating Points
Correct answer is option d (Television Rating Points).
Television rating point (TRP) for calculation purposes is a device attached to the TV set in a few thousand viewers, houses for judging purposes. These numbers are treated as a sample from the overall TV owners in different geographical and demographic sectors. Using a device a special code is telecasted during the programme, It records the time and the programme that a viewer watches on a particular day. The average is taken for a 30-day period, which gives the viewership status for the particular channel. It is also known as “Target Rating Point”.
The term ‘Yellow Journalism’ refers to :
(a) Sensational news about terrorism and violence
(b) Sensational and exaggeration to attract readers/ viewers
(c) Page 3 news
(d) Sensational news prints in yellow paper
The correct answer is option b (Sensational and exaggeration to attract readers/ viewers)
Yellow journalism or the yellow press is a type of journalism that does not report much real news with facts. It uses shocking headlines that catch people’s attention to sell more newspapers. Yellow journalism might include exaggerating facts or spreading rumors.
(a) Intellectual entertainment
(b) Hearty entertainment
(c) T.V. related entertainment
(d) Research with entertainment
Correct answer is option a (Intellectual Entertainment)
The basic meaning of Symposium is intellectual entertainment. In modern time this entertainment is interpreted as the ‘discussions encircling a specific theme or issues among the scientists or the researchers.’ It serves as an excellent device for informing an audience, crystalizing opinion and general preparing the listeners for arriving at decision, policies, value judgment or under-standing.
The DTH Channels under SWAYAM PRABHA covers which of the following :
1. Curriculum-based course contents at post-graduate and under-graduate level.
2. School education (9-12 levels).
3. Curriculum-based courses that can meet the needs of life-long learners of Indian citizens in India and abroad.
4. Assist students (class 11th & 12th) prepare for competitive exams.
Choose the correct option from the following:
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 4
(c) None of the above
(d) All of the above
Correct answer is option d (All of the above).
The SWAYAM PRABHA is a group of 32 DTH channels devoted to telecasting of high-quality educational programmes on 24X7 basis using the GSAT-15 satellite. Every day, there will be new content for at least (4) hours which would be repeated 5 more times in a day, allowing the students to choose the time of their convenience. The channels are uplinked from BISAG, Gandhinagar. The contents are provided by NPTEL, IITs, UGC, CEC, IGNOU, NCERT and NIOS. The INFLIBNET Centre maintains the web portal. The DTH Channels shall cover the following:
- Higher Education: Curriculum-based course contents at post-graduate and under-graduate level covering diverse disciplines such as arts, science, commerce, performing arts, social sciences and humanities, engineering, technology, law, medicine, agriculture, etc. All courses would be certification-ready in their detailed offering through SWAYAM, the platform being developed for offering MOOCs courses.
- School education (9-12 levels): modules for teacher’s training as well as teaching and learning aids for children of India to help them understand the subjects better and also help them in preparing for competitive examinations for admissions to professional degree programmes.
- Curriculum-based courses that can meet the needs of life-long learners of Indian citizens in India and abroad.
- Assist students (class 11th & 12th) prepare for competitive exams.
Which of the following Central Universities is the only university that has Prime Minister as its Chancellor and President as its Visitor ?
(a) Visva Bharati University, Shantiniketan
(b) Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
(c) Delhi University, Delhi
(d) Jawahar Lal Nehru University, Delhi
Correct answer is option a (Visva Bharti University).
Visva-Bharati University is a public central university located in Santiniketan, West Bengal, India. It was founded by Rabindranath Tagore who called it Visva-Bharati, which means the communion of the world with India. Until independence it was a college. Soon after independence, in 1951, the institution was given the status of a university and was renamed Visva-Bharati University. Visva Bharati University is the only central university which as PM as its chancellor. The President of India is the Paridarsaka (Visitor) of the Univesity, the West Bengal governor is the Pradhana (Reactor).
Which among the following States has the highest number of seats in Lok Sabha?
(b) West Bengal
(c) Tamil Nadu
(d) Madhya Pradesh
Correct answer is option (a) Maharashtra
Uttar Pradesh as maximum number of seats (80) in Lok Sabha. At second position is Maharashra with 47 seats. Followed by West Bengal with 42 seats.
Economies of the following country(ies) is(are) responsible for greatest annual CO2 emissions.
(c) Both a and b
Correct answer is option c (Both a and b)
Just two countries, China and the US, are responsible for more than 40% of the world’s CO2 emissions. India is the third largest contributor to carbon emission.
‘C40’ recently seen in news is related to:
(a) Network of world’s megacities committed to address climate change
(b) Group of African nations demanding reforms in United Nation Security Council
(c) Group of island nations demanding more concrete efforts to address climate change
(d) A list released by European Union of World’s top 40 Virtual currencies.
Correct answer is option a (Network of world’s megacities committed to address climate change)
The C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) is a group of 94 cities around the world that represents one twelfth of the world’s population and one quarter of the global economy. Created and led by cities, C40 is focused on tackling climate change and driving urban action that reduces greenhouse gas emissions and climate risks, while increasing the health, wellbeing and economic opportunities of urban citizens.
First computer virus is known as :
(b) Creeper Virus
(c) Elk Cloner
(d) Trozan Virus
Correct answer is option b (Creeper Virus)
Creeper virus is a computer virus that is most commonly recognized as the first computer virus. In 1971, Bob Thomas at BBN created Creeper as an experimental self-duplicating program that was intended not to inflict damage on, but to illustrate a mobile application.
‘NOTA’ option is available to voters in which of the following elections:
(1) Lok Sabha elections
(2) Rajya Sabha elections
(3) State Assembly elections
(4) State Council elections
Select the correct answer :
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 4 only
( c) 1 only
(d) 1, 2, 3, and 4
The correct answer is option a (1 and 3 only).
NOTA or ‘None of the Above’ has been provided as an option to the voters of India in most elections. Through the usage of NOTA, a citizen can choose not to vote for any candidates who are contesting the elections. However, NOTA in India does not guarantee dismissal of the winning candidate. Therefore, it’s only a method to give negative feedback. NOTA does not hold any electoral value i.e. even if the maximum votes are for NOTA, the candidate with maximum vote share will still be the winner.
NOTA was first used in India in 2009. Chhattisgarh was the first State in India to give the option of NOTA to the voters in the local government elections. NOTA button made its debut in Assembly elections in 2013 in four States — Chhattisgarh, Mizoram, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh and the National Capital Territory, Delhi.
Recently which state has written to National Tiger Conservation Authority to revive the plan to reintroduce cheetahs in the state’s sanctuary?
(a) West Bengal
(c) Madhya Pradesh
Correct answer is option c (Madhya Pradesh).
The Madhya Pradesh forest department has written to the National Tiger Conservation Authority to revive the plan to reintroduce cheetahs in the State’s Nauradehi sanctuary. The ambitious project, conceived in 2009, had hit a roadblock for want of funds. India’s last spotted cheetah had died in 1947. In 1952, the animal was declared extinct in the country. According to the earlier action plan, around 20 cheetahs were to be translocated to Nauradehi from Namibia in Africa. The Namibia Cheetah Conservation Fund had then showed its willingness to donate the felines to India, Mr. Dubey said.
Which of the following awards instituted by the Government of India for individuals or communities from rural areas that have shown extraordinary courage and dedication in protecting Wildlife?
(a) Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Puruskar
(b) Maneka Puruskar Yojna
(c) Amrita Devi Bishnoi Award
(d) The Green Umbrella Award
Correct answer is option c (Amrita Devi Bishnoi Award).
Correct answer is option a (2050).
As per recently released World Economic Forum (WEF) report, oceans will have more plastics than fish by 2050 if the ongoing practice of dumping plastics than fish by 2050 if the ongoing practice of dumping plastics continues.