ICT Glossary – Some Important Terms Related To ICT


1. OOP (Object-Oriented      Programmer)

A programming methodology.    that   deals    with    solving    a   problem    by identifying   real-world    objects   of  the   problem   and  the processing   required   of  those  objects,   and  then  creating simulations    of   those   objects,   their   processes,   and   the required  communications   between the objects.

2. Operand

The  part  of  a  machine   level  instruction   that specifies  the location  of the data to be manipulated.

3. Operation code

The  part  of  a machine  level instruction  that specifies  the operation  to be performed.


1. PC Card

PC Card is a removable device, approximately the size of a credit card, which is designed to plug into PCMCIA slot. It is standard, formulated by the Personal Computer Memory Card International Association (PCMCIA) for providing expansion capabilities to computers. The PCMCIA standard supports input-output devices, memory, fax/modems, SCSI, and networking products. The card fits into a notebook or laptop computer.

2. Program Control   register

A  register   that  holds address  of the next  instruction  to be executed.

3. Picosecond

One trillionth  of a second.

4.  Pseudocode

A   programming    analysis   tool   used   for planning   program    logic.      It  is  an   imitation   of  actual computer  instructions   written  in a  natural   language  such as  English.     Also  known  as  Program   Design   Language (PDL).

5. POP (Post Office Protocol)

It is a protocol used for receiving e-mail. POP3 is the new version of this protocol.

6. PDA/Pocket PC

Personal  Digital  Assistant  (PDA)  was  initially  introduced  as a Personal  Information   Manager  (PIM)  device.  PIM features  include  contact  list,  calendar,  task  list,  e-mail,  pocket  word-processing   application,   pocket  spreadsheet application,  presentation  viewer,  and host of other applications  that come  in handy while on the move. PDA has a decent  size LCD touch  screen  with  a pen for handwriting   recognition.  It usually  has a PC based  synchronization utility that can be increased as required . Some PDAs also provide USB extension port that can be used to connect to external devices for extended features like external monitor, LCD Projector etc. Almost all PDAs have some digital camera capability as well.

Newer  PDAs  also pack network  capability  using  WiFi, Bluetooth,  etc. Due to network  connectivity   option,  PDAs are having  several  applications   in many  domains  such as medicine,  teaching/training,   data  collection,  sports,  and Global  Positioning  System (GPS)  based  location  and route  finder.  Several  PDAs also provide  GSM/GPRS   service connectivity  and, thus, can be used as phone  for making  and receiving  cell phone calls, SMS, etc.

7. Page Impression

A page impression occurs every time a particular webpage is displayed by someone using the Internet similar to a hit except that a hit is also registered when a spider or similar program accesses the web page.

8. PCI Bus (Peripheral Component Interconnect Bus)

It is a fast local bus standard which provides fast data transfer within a PC and has superseded ISA. It is a specific design of local bus introduces by Intel. The PCI Bus permits upto to 10 expansion cards to be added to the PC.

9. PCMCIA (Personal Computer Memory Card International Association )

An expansion Bus designed or Laptops which allows modems and other devices to be connected to the PC.

10. Pentium II

The Pentium II processor was introduced by Intel in the middle of 1997. The speed of the Pentium II Processor when it was introduced was around 300 MHz. The Pentium II is basically the Pentium Pro incorporating MMX technology.

11. PERL (Practical Extraction and Report Language )

PERL originally developed by Larry Wall for his personal use. It is now one of the most popular Internet tools. Perl is most most often net in the context of the World wide Web its basic function is in the manipulating of Files. Text and producing reports. The basic concepts of Hypertext Markup Language are greatly extended by being able to run ancillary programs achieved using the Common Gateway Interface (CGI). This allows pograms to be called in response to actions by the Web Client user i.e. something done by use on your PC on a particular Web Page. Almost any programming language can be used with PERL being the most popular .The Perl program site in between the Web Server and other software such as Databases.

12. Pixel (Picture Element)

It is the smallest element of information that programs can display or print. A picture or images is made up of thousands of pixels. A pixel is sometimes called a pel.

13. Post (Power on Self Test)

It is performed by the PC when it is switched on. It checks the integrity of the system.

14. PPP (Point to Point Protocol)

It is standard for using a modem and telephone line to connect to the Internet using TCP/IP.

15. Proxy Server

A serer that sites between the client and the server. It may perform some of the task of the server itself or filter invalid requests. Reasons for this may be for security or to speed up processes.

16. PS/2

Make of PC’s designed by IBM and was first introduced in 1987.

ICT Glossary – Some Important Terms Related To ICT

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