Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

Schedule I

THE FIRST SCHEDULE : Industries which may be Declared to be Public Utility Services Under Sub-Clause (VI) of Clause (N) of Section 2

[Section 2(n)(vi)]

  1. Transport (other than railways) for the carriage of passengers or goods, 163[by land or water].
  2. Banking.
  3. Cement.
  4. Coal.
  5. Cotton textiles
  6. Foodstuffs
  7. Iron and Steel.
  8. Defense establishments.
  9. Service in hospitals and dispensaries.
  10. Fire Brigade Service.

164[11. India Government Mints.

12. India Security Press.

13. Copper Mining.

14. Lead Mining.

15. Zinc Mining

16. Iron Ore Mining.

17. Service in any oilfield.

165[* ** ]

19. Service in the Uranium Industry.

20. Pyrites Mining Industry.

21. Security Paper Mill, Hoshangabad.]]

164[22. Service in the Bank Note Press, Dewas.

23.Phosphorite Mining.

24. Magnesite Mining.

25. Currency Note Press.

26. Manufacture or production of mineral oil (crude oil), motor and aviation spirit, diesel oil, kerosene oil, fuel oil, diverse hydrocarbon oils and their blends including synthetic fuels, lubricating oils and the like.

27. Service in the International Airports Authority of India.]

166[28. Industrial establishment, manufacturing or producing nuclear fuel and components, heavy water and allied chemicals, and atomic energy.]

Schedule II

THE SECOND SCHEDULE : Matters with in the Jurisdiction of Labour Courts

(Section 7)

  1. The propriety or legality of an order passed by an employer under the standing orders;
  2. The application and interpretation of standing orders;
  3. Discharge or dismissal of workmen including reinstatement of, or grant of relief to, workmen wrongfully dismissed;
  4. Withdrawal of any customary concession or privilege;
  5. Illegality or otherwise of a strike or lock-out; and
  6. All matters other than those specified in the Third Schedule.

Schedule III

THE THIRD SCHEDULE : Matters with in The Jurisdiction of Industrial Tribunals

(Section 7A)

  1. Wages, including the period and mode of payment;
  2. Compensatory and other allowances;
  3. Hours of work and rest intervals;
  4. Leave with wages and holidays;
  5. Bonus, profit sharing, provident fund and gratuity;
  6. Shift working otherwise than in accordance with standing orders;
  7. Classification by grades;
  8. Rules of discipline;
  9. Rationalization;
  10. Retrenchment of workmen and closure of establishment; and
  11. Any other matter that may be prescribed.

Schedule IV

THE FOURTH SCHEDULE : Conditions of Service for Change of which notice is to be given

(Section 9A)

  1. Wages, including the period and mode of payment;
  2. Contribution paid, or payable, by the employer to any provident fund or pension fund or for the benefit of the workmen under any law for the time being in force;
  3. Compensatory and other allowances;
  4. Hours of work and rest intervals;
  5. Leave with wages and holidays;
  6. Starting, alteration or discontinuance of shift working otherwise than in accordance with standing orders;
  7. Classification by grades;
  8. Withdrawal of any customary concession or privilege or change in usage.
  9. Introduction of new rules of discipline, or alteration of existing rules, except in so far as they are provided in standing orders;
  10. Rationalisation, standardization or improvement of plant or technique which is likely to lead to retrenchment of workmen;
  11. Any increase or reduction (other than casual) in the number of persons employed or to be employed in any occupation or process or department or shift, 167[not occasioned by circumstances over which the employer has no control].

Schedule V

THE FIFTH SCHEDULE : Unfair Labour Practices

[Section 2(ra)]


(1) To interfere with, restrain from, or coerce, workmen in the exercise of their right to organize, form, join or assist a trade union or to engage in concerted activities for the purposes of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection, that is to say.-

(a) threatening workmen with discharge or dismissal, if they join a trade union;

(b) threatening a lock-out or closure, if a trade union is organized;

(c) granting wage increase to workmen at crucial periods of trade union organization, with a view to undermining the efforts of the trade union at organization.

(2) To dominate, interfere with or contribute support, financial or otherwise, to any trade union, that is to say,

(a) an employer taking an active interest in organizing a trade union of his workmen; and

(b) an employer showing partiality or granting favor to one of several trade unions attempting to organize his workmen or to its members, where such a trade union is not a recognized trade union.

(3) To establish employer sponsored trade unions of workmen.

(4) To encourage or discourage membership in any trade union by discriminating against any workman, that is to say,

(a) discharging or punishing a workman, because he urged other workmen to join or organize a trade union;

(b) discharging or dismissing a workman for taking part in any strike (not being a strike which is deemed to be an illegal strike under this Act);

(c) changing seniority rating or workmen because of trade union activities;

(d) refusing to promote workmen of higher posts on account of their trade union activities;

(e) giving unmerited promotions to certain workmen with a view to creating discord amongst other workmen, or to undermine the strength of their trade union;

(f) discharging office-bearers or active members of the trade union on account of their trade union activities.

(5) To discharge or dismiss workmen-

(a) by way of victimization;

(b) not in good faith, but in the colorable exercise of the employer’s rights;

(c) by falsely implicating a workman in a criminal case on false evidence or on concocted evidence;

(d) for patently false reasons;

(e) on untrue or trumped up allegations of absence without leave;

(f) in utter disregard of the principles of natural justice in the conduct of domestic enquiry or with undue haste;

(g) for misconduct of a minor technical character, without having any regard to the nature of the particular misconduct or the past record or service of the workman, thereby leading to a disproportionate punishment.

(6) To abolish the work of a regular nature being done by workmen, and to give such work to contractors as a measure of breaking a strike.

(7) To transfer a workman mala fide from one place to another, under the guise of following management policy.

(8) To insist upon individual workmen, who are on a legal strike to sign a good conduct bond, as a precondition to allowing them to resume work.

(9) To show favoritism or partiality to one set of workers regardless of merit.

(10) To employ workmen as “badlis”, casuals or temporaries and to continue them as such for years, with the object of depriving them of the status and privileges of permanent workmen.

(11) To discharge or discriminate against any workman for filing charges or testifying against an employer in any enquiry or proceeding relating to any industrial dispute.

(12) To recruit workman during a strike which is not an illegal strike.

(13) Failure to implement award, settlement or agreement.

(14) To indulge in acts of force or violence.

(15) To refuse to bargain collectively, in good faith with the recognized trade unions.

(16) Proposing or continuing a lock-out deemed to be illegal under this Act.


(1) To advise or actively support or instigate any strike deemed to be illegal under this Act.

(2) To coerce workmen in the exercise of their right to self-organization or to join a trade union or refrain from, joining any trade union, that is to say-

(a) for a trade union or its members to picketing in such a manner that non-striking workmen are physically debarred from entering the work places;

(b) to indulge in acts of force or violence or to hold out threats of intimidation in connection with a strike against non-striking workmen or against managerial staff.

(3) For a recognized union to refuse to bargain collectively in good faith with the employer.

(4) To indulge in coercive activities against certification of a bargaining representative.

(5) To stage, encourage or instigate such forms of coercive actions as willful, ,”go-slow”, squatting on the work premises after working hours or “gherao” of any of the members of the managerial or other staff.

(6) To stage demonstrations at the residence of the employers or the managerial staff members.

(7) To incite or indulge in willful damage to employer’s property connected with the industry.

(8) To indulge in acts of force or violence or to hold out threats of intimidation against any workman with a view to prevent him from attending work.]

Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
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