Some Specific Methods of Teaching
- Inferential Problem Solving Technique
Inductive and deductive are two important procedures of systematic approaches to problem solving.
Steps in Inductive Method
(i)Recognition of the problem
(ii)Searching for data
(iii)Organisation of data
(iv)Framing tentative solutions
(i)Recognition of problem
(ii)Searching for data
(iv)Formulation of inferences
Team-teaching is also called co-operative teaching. This is a recent idea in the field of education. M.B. Naik said, “In a team-teaching method, two or more teachers make a plan of the subjects cooperatively, carry it out, and always evaluate its effects on the students periodically.” In team teaching, subject teachers give lectures to a big class. On every working, all the members of the team have a common assembly. Here they discuss the methods used by the fellow-teachers.
Micro-teaching is an innovative teaching technique. It is a new development in the field of teaching. The term micro-teaching was first coined by Dwight Allen of the Stanford University in 1963.
Features of micro-teaching
- It is a teacher training technique.
- It focuses on developing teaching skills.
- It reduces the classes size in five to ten students.
- The size of the topic is also reduced.
- Micro-teaching is a highly individualized training skill.
- It provides feedback for trainee’s performance.
- It is an effective device to prepare competent teachers.
- In this technique learners are provided with immediate knowledge of the correctness of response.
Steps in Micro-teaching
(i) Defining the skill
(ii) Demonstrating the skill
(iii)Planning the lesson
(iv)Teaching the lesson
(ix) Repeating the cycle till the desired level of skill is achieved.
- Question-Answer technique in teaching
No teacher of elementary or secondary subjects can succeed in his instruction who has not a fair mastery of the art of questioning.
Purposes of questioning:
(i)To test the knowledge
(ii)To locate the difficulty
(iii)To arouse motivation
(iv)To secure active participation of students.
(v)To apply knowledge
(vi)To recapitulate the lesson learnt.
(vii)To promote thinking and originality
(viii)To increase self confidence
(ix)To maintain discipline
(x) To promote intellectual and social development.
Underlying the need of questioning Parkar Said. “Questioning is the key to all educative activities.”