The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965 -Labour Laws – UGC NET Paper 2 Code:55

THE FIRST SCHEDULE: Computation of Gross Profits

[Section 4(a)]

Accounting year ending ………

Item

No.

Particulars Amt. of sub- Items Rs. Amt. of main Items Rs. Remarks
*1. Net Profit as shown in the profit and loss account after making usual and necessary provisions.
2. Add back provision for:

(a) Bonus to employees

(b) Depreciation

(c) Development Rebate Reserve

(d) Any other reserves

Total of Item No.2………..

Rs………… **

**

3. Add back also:

(a) Bonus paid to employees in respect of previous accounting years.

(b) The amount debited in respect of gratuity paid or payable to employees in excess of the aggregate of –

(i) the amount, if any, paid to, or provided for payment to, an approved gratuity fund; and

(ii) the amount actually paid to employees on their retirement or on termination of their employment for any reason.

(c) Donations in excess of the amount admissible for income-tax .

**
(d) Capital expenditure (other than capital expenditure on scientific research which is allowed as a deduction under any law for the time being in force relating to direct taxes) and capital losses (other than losses on sale of capital assets on which depreciation has been allowed for income tax). **
(e) Any amount certified by the Reserve Bank of India in terms of sub-section (2) of section 34A of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949).

(f) Losses of , or expenditure relating to, any business situated outside India.

Total of Item No.3………..

Rs…………
4. Add also income, profits or gains (if any ) credited directly to published or disclosed reserves, other than-

(i) capital receipts and capital profits (including profits on the sale of capital assets on such depreciation has not been allowed for income-tax);

(ii) profits of, and receipts relating to , any business situated outside India;

(iii) income of foreign banking companies from investment outside India.

Net total of Item No.4…….

Rs…………
5. Total of Item Nos.1,2,3& 4… Rs…………
6. Deduct :

(a) Capital receipts and capital profits (other than profits on the sale of assets on which depreciation has been allowed for income-tax).

(b) Profits of, and receipts relating to any business situated outside India.

***

***

(c) Income of foreign banking companies from investments outside India .

(d) Expenditure or losses (if any ) debited directly to published or disclosed reserves, other than –

(i) capital expenditure and capital losses (other than losses on sale of capital assets on which depreciation has not been allowed for income-tax );

(ii) losses of any business situated outside India.

***
(e) In the case of foreign banking companies proportionate administrative (overhead ) expenses of head-office allocable to Indian business.

(f) Refund of any excess direct tax paid for previous accounting years and excess provision if any of previous accounting years, relating to bonus, depreciation or development rebate, if written back.

(g) Cash subsidy, if any, given by the government or by any body corporate established by any law for the time being in force or by any other agency through budgetary grants, whether given directly or through any agency for specified purposes and the proceeds of which are reserved for such purposes .

Total of Item No. 6 ……

Rs………… ***

***

***

7. Gross profits for purposes of bonus (Item No. 5 minus Item No. 6) Rs……………..

Explanation : In sub-item (b) of Item 3, “approved gratuity fund” has the same meaning assigned to it in clause (5) of section 2 of the Income Tax Act.

* Where the profit subject to taxation is shown in the profit and loss account and the provision made for taxes on income is shown, the actual provision for taxes on income shall be deducted from the profit.

** If, and to the extent, charged to Profit and Loss Account.

*** If, and to the extent, credited to Profit and Loss Account.

**** In the proportion of Indian Gross Profit (Item No. 7) to Total World Gross Profit (as per consolidated profit and loss account adjusted as in Item No. 2 above only)]

THE SECOND SCHEDULE: Computation of Gross Profits

[(See Section 4(b)]

Accounting year ending…………….

Item

No.

Particulars Amt. Of sub-

Items Rs.

Amt. Of main

Items Rs.

Remarks
1. Net profit as per profit and loss account
2. Add back provision for :

(a) Bonus to employees

(b) Depreciation.

(c) Direct taxes, including the provision (if any), for previous accounting years

(d) Development rebate / investment allowance / development allowance reserve.

(e) Any other reserves

Total of Item No.2……..

Rs. ……….. *

*

3. Add back also :

(a) Bonus paid to employees in respect of previous accounting years.

(aa) The amount debited in respect of gratuity paid or payable to employees in excess of the aggregate of-

(i) the amount, if any, paid to, or provided for payment to, an approved gratuity fund; and

(ii) the amount actually paid to employees on their retirement or on termination of their employment for any reason.

(b) Donations in excess of the amount admissible for income-tax .

(c) Any annuity due, or commuted value of any annuity paid, under the provisions of section 280D of the Income Tax Act during the accounting year.

*
(d) Capital expenditure (other than capital expenditure on scientific research which is allowed as a deduction under any law for the time being in force relating to direct taxes) and capital losses (other than losses on sale of capital assets on which depreciation has been allowed for income tax or agricultural income-tax.).

(e) Losses of , or expenditure relating to, any business situated outside India.

Total of Item No.3………..

Rs………….. *
4. Add also income, profits or gains (if any) credited directly to reserves, other than-
(i) capital receipts and capital profits (including profits on the sale of capital assets on which depreciation has not been allowed for income-tax or agricultural income-tax);
(ii) profits of, and receipts relating to, any business situated outside India;

(iii) income of foreign concerns from investments outside India.

Net total of Item No.4……..

Rs………….
5. Total of Item Nos. 1,2,3 and 4… Rs…………..
6. Deduct :

(a) Capital receipts and capital profits (other than profits on the sale of assets on which depreciation has been allowed for income-tax or agricultural income-tax).

(b) Profits of, and receipts relating to, any business situated outside India.

(c) Income of foreign concerns from investment outside India.

(d) Expenditure or losses (if any ) debited directly to reserves, other than-

(i) capital expenditure and capital losses (other than losses on sale of capital assets on which depreciation has not been allowed for income-tax ; or agricultural income-tax;

(ii) losses of any business situated outside India.

(e) In the case of foreign concerns proportionate administrative (overhead ) expenses of head office allocable to Indian business.

(f) Refund of any direct tax paid for previous accounting years and excess provision, if any, of previous accounting years relating to bonus, depreciation, taxation or development rebate or development allowance, if written back.

(g) Cash subsidy, if any, given by the government or by any body corporate established by any law for the time being in force or by any other agency through budgetary grants, whether given directly or through any agency for specified purposes and the proceeds of which are reserved for such purposes.

Total of Item No.6

Rs………….. **

**

**

***

**

7. Gross Profits for purposes of bonus (Item No.5 minus Item No.6 ) Rs………….

Explanation : In sub-item (aa) of Item 3, “approved gratuity fund” has the same meaning assigned to it in clause (5) of section 2 of the Income Tax Act.

* If, and to the extent, charged to Profit and Loss Account.

** If, and to the extent, credited to Profit and Loss Account.

*** In the proportion of Indian Gross Profit (Item No. 7) to Total World Gross Profit (as per consolidated profit and loss account, adjusted as in Item No. 2 above only).

THE THIRD SCHEDULE

[Section 6(d)]

Item

No.

Category of employer Further sums to be deducted
1. Company, other than a banking company. (i) The dividends payable on its preference share capital for the accounting year calculated at the actual rate at which such dividends are payable;

(ii) 8.5 percent of its paid up equity share capital as at the commencement of the accounting year;

(iii) 6 percent of its reserves shown in its balance sheet as at the commencement of the accounting year, including any profits carried forward from the previous accounting year :

PROVIDED that where the employer is a foreign company within the meaning of section 591 of the Companies Act ,1956 (1of 1956) , the total amount to be deducted under this item shall be 8.5 percent on the aggregate of the value of the net fixed assets and the current assets of the company in India after deducting the amount of its current liabilities (other than any amount shown as payable by the company to its Head Office whether towards any advance made by the Head Office or otherwise or any interest paid by the company to its Head Office ) in India.

2. Banking company (i) The dividends payable on its preference share capital for the accounting year calculated at the rate at which such dividends are payable ;

(ii) 7.5 per cent of its paid up equity share capital as at the commencement of the accounting year ;

(iii) 5 percent of its reserves shown in its balance sheet as at the commencement of the accounting year, including any profits carried forward from the previous accounting year;

(iv) any sum which, in respect of the accounting year, is transferred by it-

(a) to a reserve fund under sub-section (1) of section 17 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949 ); or

(b) to any reserves in India in pursuance of any direction or advice given by the Reserve Bank of India,

whichever is higher:

PROVIDED that where the banking company is a foreign company within the meaning of section 591 of the Companies Act , 1956 (1of 1956), the amount to be deducted under this item shall be the aggregate of-

(i) the dividends payable to its preference shareholders for the accounting year at the rate at which such dividends are payable on such amount as bears the same proportion to its total preference share capital as its total working funds in India bear to its total world working funds;

(ii) 7.5 per cent of such amount as bears the same proportion to its total paid up equity share capital as its total working funds in India bear to its total working funds.

(iii) 5 per cent of such amount as bears the same proportion to its total disclosed reserves as its total working funds in India bear to its total world working funds;

(iv) any sum which, in respect of the accounting year, is deposited by it with the Reserve Bank of India under sub-clause (ii) of clause (b) of sub-section (2) of section 11 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949) , not exceeding the amount required under the aforesaid provision to be so deposited.]

3. Corporation (i) 8.5 per cent of its paid up capital as at the commencement of the accounting year;

(ii) 6 per cent of its reserves, if any, shown in its balance sheet as at the commencement of the accounting year, including any profits carried forward from the previous accounting year.

4. Co-operative society (i) 8.5 per cent of the capital invested by such society in its establishment as evidenced from its books of accounts at the commencement of the accounting year;
(ii) such sums as has been carried forward in respect of the accounting year to a reserve fund under any law relating to co-operative societies for the time being in force.
5. Any other employer not falling under any of the aforesaid categories 8.5 per cent of the capital invested by him in his establishment as evidenced from his books of accounts at the commencement of the accounting year:

PROVIDED that where such employer is a person to whom Chapter XXII-A of the income Tax Act applies , the annuity deposit payable by him under the provisions of that Chapter during the accounting year shall also be deducted:

PROVIDED FURTHER that where such employer is a firm, an amount equal to 25 per cent of the gross profits derived by it from the establishment in respect of the accounting year after deducting depreciation in accordance with the provisions of clause (a) of section 6 by way of remuneration to all the partners taking part in the conduct of business of the establishment shall also be deducted, but where the partnership agreement, whether oral or written, provides for the payment of remuneration to any such partner, and –

(i) the total remuneration payable to all such partners is less than the said 25 per cent the amount payable, subject to a maximum of forty-eight thousand rupees to each such partner; or

(ii) the total remuneration payable to all such partners is higher than the said 25 percent , such percentage, or a sum calculated at the rate of forty – eight thousand rupees to each such partner, whichever is less , shall be deducted under this proviso:

PROVIDED ALSO that where such employer is an individual or a Hindu Undivided Family –

(i) an amount equal to 25 per cent of the gross profits derived by such employer from the establishment in respect of the accounting year after deducting depreciation in accordance with the provisions of clause (a) of section 6; or

(ii) forty-eight thousand rupees,

whichever is less by way of remuneration to such employer, shall also be deducted.

6. Any employer falling under Item No.1 or Item No. 3 or Item No. 4 or Item No. 5 and being a licensee within the meaning of the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 (54 of 1948 ) . In addition to the sums deductible under any of the aforesaid Items, Such sums as are required to be appropriated by licensee in respect of the accounting year to a reserve under the Sixth Schedule to that Act shall also be deducted.

Explanation The expression “reserves” occurring in column (3) against Item Nos. 1(iii), 2(iii) and 3(ii) shall not include any amount set apart for the purpose of,-

(i) payment of any direct tax which, according to the balance-sheet, would be payable;

(ii) meeting any depreciation admissible in accordance with the provisions of clause (a) of section 6;

(iii) payment of dividends which have been declared, but shall include,-

(a) any amount, over and above the amount referred to in clause-(i) of this Explanation, set apart as specific reserve for the purpose of payment of any direct tax; and

(b) any amount set apart for meeting any depreciation in excess of the amount admissible in accordance with the provisions of clause (a) of section 6.

THE FOURTH SCHEDULE

[Sections 15 and 16]

In this Schedule, the total amount of bonus equal to 8.33 per cent of the annual salary or wages payable to all the employees is assumed to be Rs. 1,04,167. Accordingly, the maximum bonus to which all the employees are entitled to be paid (twenty per cent of the annual salary or wages of all the employees) would be Rs. 2,50,000.

Year Amount equal to sixty per cent or sixty-seven per cent, as the case may be, of available surplus allocable as bonus Amount payable as bonus Set on or Set off of the year carried forward Total set on or set off carried forward
Rs. Rs. Rs. Rs. Of (year)
1. 1,04,167 1,04,167# Nil Nil
2. 6,35,000 2,50,000* Set on 2,50,000* Set on 2,50,000* (2)
3. 2,20,000 2,50,000* (inclusive of 30,000 from year-2) Nil Set on 2,20,000 (2)
4. 3,75,000 2,50,000* Set on 1,25,000 Set on 2,20,000 1,25,000 (2) (4)
5. 1,40,000 2,50,000* (inclusive of 1,10,000 from year-2) Nil Set on 1,10,000 1,25,000 (2) (4)
6. 3,10,000 2,50,000* Set on 60,000 Set on Nil ##1,25,000 60,000 (2) (4) (6)
7. 1,00,000 2,50,000* (inclusive of 1,25,000 from year-4 and 25,000 from year-6) Nil Set on 35,000 (6)
8. Nil

(due to loss)

1,04,167#(inclusive of 35,000 from year-6) Set on 69,167 Set off 69,167 (8)
9. 10,000 1,04,167# Set off 94,167 Set off 69,167 94,167 (8) (9)
10. 2,15,000 1,04,167(after setting off 69,167 from year-8 and 41,666 from year-9) Nil Set off 52,501 (9)

* Maximum amount admissible.

# Minimum amount admissible.

## The Balance of Rs. 1,10,000 set on from year-2 lapses;

 

 

 

 

The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965 -Labour Laws – UGC NET Paper 2 Code:55

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