Section 11. Appeal
(1) Any person aggrieved by any refusal of the Registrar to register a trade union or by the withdrawal or cancellation of a certificate of registration may, within such period as may be prescribed, appeal-
(a) where the head office of the trade union is situated within the limits of a Presidency town 15[***] to the High Court, or
(b) where the head office is situated in any other area, to such Court, not inferior to the court of an additional or assistant Judge of a principal civil court of original jurisdiction, as the 16[appropriate government] may appoint in this behalf for that area.
(2) The appellate court may dismiss the appeal, or pass an order directing the Registrar to register the union and to issue a certificate of registration under the provisions of section 9 or setting aside the order for withdrawal or cancellation of the certificate, as the case may be, and the Registrar shall comply with such order.
(3) For the purpose of an appeal under sub-section (1), an appellate court shall, so far as may be, follow the same procedure and have the same powers as it follows and has when trying a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, (5 of 1908) and may direct by whom the whole or any part of the costs of the appeal shall be paid, and such costs shall be recovered as if they had been awarded in a suit under the said Code.
(4) In the event of the dismissal of an appeal by any court appointed under clause (b) of sub-section (1) the person aggrieved shall have a right of appeal to the High Court, and the High Court shall, for the purpose of such appeal, have all the powers of an appellate court under sub-sections (2) and (3), and the provisions of those sub-sections shall apply accordingly.]
Section 12. Registered office
All communications and notices to a registered trade union may be addressed to its registered office. Notice of any change in the address of the head office shall be given within fourteen days of such change to the Registrar in writing, and the changed address shall be recorded in the register referred to in section 8.
Section 13. Incorporation of registered trade union
Every registered trade union shall be a body corporate by the name under which it is registered, and shall have perpetual succession and a common seal with power to acquire and hold both movable and immovable property and to contract, and shall by the said name sue and be sued.
Section 14. Certain Acts not to apply to registered trade unions
The following Acts, namely-
(a) The Societies Registration Act, 1860, (21 of 1860)
(b) The Co-operative Societies Act, 1912 (2 of 1912)
17[(c) The Companies Act, 1956, (1 of 1956)
shall not apply to any registered trade union, and the registration of any such trade union under any such Act shall be void.
Section 15. Objects on which general funds may be spent
The general funds of a registered trade union shall not be spent on any other objects than the following namely-
(a) the payment of salaries, allowances and expenses to 8[office-bearers] of the trade unions;
(b) the payment of expenses for the administration of the trade union, including audit of the accounts of the general funds of the trade union;
(c) the prosecution or defense of any legal proceeding to which the trade union or any member thereof is a party, when such prosecution of defense is undertaken for the purpose of securing or protecting any rights of the trade union as such or any rights arising out of the relations of any member with his employer or with a person whom the member employs;
(d) the conduct of trade disputes on behalf of the trade union or any member thereof;
(e) the compensation of members for loss arising out of trade disputes;
(f) allowances to members or their dependants on account of death, old age, sickness, accidents or unemployment of such members;
(g) the issue of, or the undertaking of liability under, policies of assurance on the lives of members, or (under) policies insuring members against sickness, accident or unemployment;
(h) the provision of education, social or religious benefits for members (including the payment of the expenses of funeral or religious ceremonies for deceased members) or for the dependants of members;
(i) the upkeep of a periodical published mainly for the purpose of discussing questions affecting employers or workmen as such;
(j) the payment, in furtherance of any of the objects on which the general funds of the trade union may be spent, of contributions to any cause intended to benefit workmen in general provided that the expenditure in respect of such contributions in any financial year shall not at any time during that year be in excess of one-fourth of the combined total of the gross income which has up to that time accrued to the general funds of the trade union during that year and of the balance at the credit of those funds at the commencement of that year; and
(k) subject to any conditions contained in the notification, any other object notified by the 18[appropriate government] in the Official Gazette.