Training and Development – Human Resource Management – MBA/BBA

Difference between Training and Education



Training is narrow and specific job related.

Education is broad and general.

Although training is concerned with the future of an individual, his past and present nonetheless provide a crucial frame of reference.

Education is mainly towards the future of an individual and any reference to his present state is incidental.

Training is for short duration.

Education is for long duration.
Applied and practical.

Pure and theoretical.

Training has less emphasis on ideology and social values as it stresses development of competencies. Societal forces play very less significant role than they do in education.

Education is firmly rooted in the culture of the society. One of the key concerns of education is the inculcation of socially accepted values in an individual.
In training, the group comes together for a specific purpose and disperses after the programme objectives are assumed to have been achieved.

In education, the group is more enduring and there is sustained interaction over a long period of time.

Difference between Training and Development



Short term process.

Long term process.
Knowledge and skills for a specific purpose.

For overall development.

Primary related to technical skills learning.

Related to managerial, behavioral and attitude development.
Training is a reactive process to meet current need.

Development is a reactive to meet future needs.

From management management-external motivation.

From individual himself-internal motivation.
Develops specific job related skills.

Develops total personality.

Training is for non-managerial personnel.

Development is for managerial personnel.

Need for Training

  • Employees selected for a job  might  lack  the qualifications  required to  perform    the  job  In  some cases,   the past experience , attitudes   and   behaviour   patterns     of  experienced   personnel   might        not be appropriate to  the  new  organisation.   Remedial  training    should   be  given  to  such people  to match,  the  needs   of the  organisation.   New  employees  need   to  provided orientation training to make   them  familiar   with the job  and  the  organisation.
  • Rapid technological innovations impacting the workplace have made it necessary for people to constantly update their knowledge and skills.
  • Training is necessary to preparing employees for higher-level jobs (promotion).
  • Existing employees require refresh training so as to keep abreast of the latest development in job operations.  In the phase of rapid technological changes , this is an absolute necessity.
  • Training is necessary when a person moves from one job to another (transfer).
  • Training is necessary to make employees mobile and versatile. They can be placed on various jobs depending on organizational needs.
  • Training is needed for employees to gain acceptance from peers.
  • Training is needed to make employees more productive and useful in the long run.
Training and Development – Human Resource Management – MBA/BBA

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