The 7 Wonders of World
The following ppt covers :
- Ancient History
- Effect on People
The Seven Wonders of World – Description
- Christ Redeemer
Location: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Importance : It is an important icon of Brazilian Christianity, and it has also come to symbolize Rio. It is the fifth largest statue of Jesus in the world, and was also at one point the world’s tallest Art Deco statue.
Greatness : The greatness of the Statue comes from understanding the message that it sends out. If you notice – the statue of Christ is standing with its arms open, showing that he loves all and he is ready to accept and embrace anyone who comes to Him. From afar the statue also looks like a cross. Another symbol of Christianity.
Ancient History :The construction of Christ’s Redeemer statue begins in the century XVI, when the Portuguese gave the name of “Corcovado Mountain”, to one of its more impressive mountains an allusive name to its form hump. Then in 1859 the father Vincentian Pedro Maria Boss came to Rio de Janeiro and was struck by the mysterious beauty of the Corcovado Mountain and suggested the construction of a religious monument in honour of Princess Isabel, who in 1921 gave way for the idea of a great statue of Christ. Finally, in 1927, the construction of the statue begins after models of diverse
Affect on People : Standing on a peak over 2,000 feet high, Christ the Redeemer is famed for its magnificent views over the city of Rio de Janeiro.The small Chapel of Nossa Senhora Aparecida at the base of the statue hosts weddings, baptisms and Mass on Sundays. There is a cafe near the statue.
- Great Wall of China
Location : Northern China
Importance : The Great Wall was built to prevent invasion and protect silk road trade.
- To prevent invasion
- To protect Silk Road trade
Greatness : The majestic Great Wall was built with wisdom, dedication, blood, sweat, and tears. Families were separated, and many workers died and were interred as part of the Great Wall itself.
Ancient History : The “Long Wall” has a long history — more than 2,300 years. The history of the Great Wall of China began when fortifications built by various states during the Spring and Autumn (771–476 bc) and Warring States periods (475–221 bc) were connected by the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang, to protect his newly founded Qin dynasty (221–206 bc) against incursions by nomads from Inner Asia. The walls were built of rammed earth, constructed using forced labour, and by 212 bc ran from Gansu to the coast of southern Manchuria. Later dynasties adopted different policies towards northern frontier defense.
Affect on People : It is an integrated military defensive system with watchtowers for surveillance, fortresses for command posts and logistics, beacon towers for communications, etc.
- Machu Picchu
Location : Peru
Importance : The citadel is important, because it has a great archaeological value and a variety of ecosystems. Machu Picchu symbolizes the excellent technical skill, and productivity of the Inca Empire in its apogee. Its location represents the former border of the Empire; this vast domain was tied together by an estimated 40,000km of road.
Greatness : Classic Peru is filled with greatness, big and small. Machu Picchu sits amongst the clouds as a diamond in the ceiling made of clouds, while the classic Peruvian Pisco Sour cocktail gives a tasty lingering tang to your lips.
Ancient History : Machu Picchu was built by the Inca Pachacutec, the greatest statesman of Tahuantinsuyo, who ruled from 1438 to 1471. Archaeologists assume that the construction of the citadel would date from the fifteenth century approximately chronological date given by the carbon-14 or radiocarbon.
Affect on People : Machu Pichu attracts tourists from all over the world. It creates local jobs and business opportunities. These include those jobs directly related to tourism (hotel and tour services) and those that indirectly support tourism (such as food production and housing construction).
Location : Jordan
Importance: There are many reasons which make the palce so important. This monument or arch was built thousand of years ago, and for that reason, it got historical importance. UNESCO has quoted it as : one of the most precious culture properties of ma’s cultural heritage”.
Greatness : Petra is often called ‘Rose city’ because of the rose-red colored sandstone hills. It is well surrounded by the red-tinged mountains, which makes a reddish appearance. Petra is an enormous city of tombs, monuments and sacred structures carved into stone cliffs. It has around 800 carved tombs as thus is denoted as “Royal Tombs”.
Ancient History : Majority of the Petra was made in 3 different pats i.e. the Edomites (18th-2nd century BC), the Nabateans (2nd century BC- 106 BC) and the Romans from (106 – 395 BC) but the remains left are mainly of the Nabateans period.
Effect on People : Tourism in one of the major source of foreign currency in Jordan. Petra located in Jordan being one of the 7 wonders of the world attract a large number of western tourists. : Because of the water conservation system at that time, there was sufficient amount of water for around 30,000 people. There was also enough water in this desert region to have lush garden, they managed to grow lush green gardens in the desert.
- Pyramid at Chichén Itzá
Location: Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
Importance : Chichén Itzá’s ball court is the largest known in the Americas, measuring 554 feet (168 meters) long and 231 feet (70 meters) wide. Recently this World Heritage site was accorded another honor. In a worldwide vote Chichén Itzá was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
Greatness : The stepped pyramids, temples, columned arcades, and other stone structures of Chichén Itzá were sacred to the Maya and a sophisticated urban center of their empire from A.D. 750 to 1200.The temple has 365 steps one for each day of the year. Each of the temple’s four sides has 91 steps, and the top platform makes the 365th.
Ancient History : The layout of Chichen Itza site core developed during its earlier phase of occupation, between 750 and 900 AD. Its final layout was developed after 900 AD, and the 10th century saw the rise of the city as a regional capital controlling the area from central Yucatán to the north coast, with its power extending down the east and west coasts of the peninsula. The earliest hieroglyphic date discovered at Chichen Itza is equivalent to 832 AD, while the last known date was recorded in the Osario temple in 998.
Effect on People : Chichen Itza is one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico; in 2014 it was estimated to receive an average of 1.4 million visitors every year. Chichen Itza, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the second-most visited of Mexico’s archaeological sites. It creates local jobs and business opportunities.
- Roman Colosseum
Location : Rome
Importance : The Colosseum was in a way a model for all of the sports stadiums and arenas we have today in all different parts of the world. The shape was a major way that influenced our stadiums today. The engineering and construction processes that were used to create the Colosseum were amazing and some were even new to the world of architecture and construction. One other thing the Colosseum shows is how smart the Ancient Romans actually were. Such as they were the first people to think of and use some of the techniques that they had used to build the Colosseum.
Greatness : Made from stone and concrete, this magnificent monument was built with the man power of tens of thousands of slaves. The Colosseum is the largest amphitheater (meaning ‘theatre in the round’) in the world! Oval in shape, it measures 189m long, 156m wide and 50m high (about the height of a 12 storey building). This ancient sporting arena could easily fit a modern day football pitch inside. This brilliant building had 80 entrances and could seat approximately 50,000 spectators who would come to watch sporting events and games.
Ancient History : The Colosseum was commissioned around A.D. 70-72 by Emperor Vespasian of the Flavian dynasty as a gift to the Roman people. In A.D. 80, Vespasian’s son titus opened the Colosseum- officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater with 100 days of games, including gladiatorial combats and wild animal fights.
Effect on People : The Colosseum was built to :
- To provide a permanent purpose-built arena in the centre of Ancient Rome for staging various forms of entertainment for the Ancient Romans – a gift to Roman Citizens.
- To utilize and showcase the latest Roman engineering and building techniques, including a labyrinth of tunnels under the arena containing 32 animal pens and lift systems operated by ropes and pulleys to facilitate the fast movement of animals, gladiators, prisoners and stage scenery in and out of the Colosseum arena.
- Taj Mahal
Location: Agra, India
Importance : Appearing in several lists of world wonders, the Taj Mahal is not only one of the largest tourist attractions in India, it is also the most well-known example of Mughal architecture. Sometimes described as “the most famous tomb in the world,” it reflects the pride and identity of Indian Muslims as an example of the achievements of the age of Mughal rule, a period of progress and stability considered a high point in India’s cultural history. According to UNESCO, the tomb is recognized as “the jewel of Muslim art in India
Greatness : The Taj is an elegant structure in white marble. It is also Shah Jahans’ greatest contribution to the world as its levels of architectural brilliance are unparalleled. .The mausoleum has been hailed as a ‘ monument to love ‘as it was built by Shah Jahan, in loving memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. 22 yearsof hard labour made this construction possible.
Ancient History: The Taj Mahal was commissioned by Shah Jahan in 1631, to be built in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, a Persian princess who died giving birth to their 14th child, Gauhara Begum. Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632
Effect on People : Earnings of local inhabitants at Agra are driven by the tourists – both local as well as foreign. More than 58 lakh visitors came to see Taj Mahal in 2013. Hotels, rest and recreation areas in the vicinity of the monument benefit from tourism. Guides, who speak multiple languages take you around the monument, and are willing to double up as photographers whenever you need them to click snaps with your cell. Photographers click you on the coveted seat in front of Taj. Horse carts ferry you to Meena Bazar and other short distances.Tourism also gives a boost to the sale of local handicrafts including clothes, leather goods, curios made of marble, stone carving and inlay work. Handicrafts made by prisoners are sold in emporiums.