Posted on Aug 29 2018 - 6:55pm by Preeti
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The Central Trade Unions Local, firm-level or industry-level trade unions are often affiliated to larger Federations. The largest Federations in the country represent labour at the National level and are known as Central Trade Union Organizations (CTU or CTUO). To acquire status as a CTUO, a trade union federation must have a verified membership of at least 500,000...

Posted on Aug 29 2018 - 2:13pm by Preeti
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Trade Union Movement in India The growth and development of the labour movement, and for that part of the trade unions, in India, can be divided into following periods, each of them revealing different tendencies that mark it from others. 1. Social Welfare Period, from 1875 to 1918 The first period starts from 1875 and goes upto the end of the First World War. The...

Posted on Apr 11 2018 - 12:11pm by Preeti
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Theories of Group Formation Propinquity Theory The term propinquity means nearness. The theory states that individuals affiliate with one another because of spatial or geographical proximity. Thus in organizational context, individuals working together tend to form a group with others more easily as compared to with individuals working relatively at a distant place....

Posted on Apr 10 2018 - 7:30pm by Preeti
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Group Cohesiveness Group cohesiveness means the degree of attachment of the members or their groups. If group cohesion is high,the interaction between members of the group is high and the degree of agreement in group opinion. Members of a cohesive group tend to have the following characteristics: They have collective identity They share the group goals and norms...

ILO The International Labour Organisation (ILO), was established on April 19,1919 by Versailles Peace Conference as an autonomous body associated with the League of Nations. It was born as a result of the peace conference at the end of World War I at Versailles. India became member of ILO in 1919 as an original signatory to the treaty of peace. The unique feature...

Posted on Mar 22 2018 - 10:55am by Preeti
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Code of discipline In India, the problem of industrial discipline was debated by the Indian Labour Conference held in 1957. The Conference noted the alarming record of breach of discipline by employers and employees. A sub-committee was appointed to draft a model Code of Discipline which would be acceptable to all. A Code of Discipline drafted by the sub-committee...

Worker’s Participation in Management Meaning The concept of Worker’s Participation in Management is considered as a mechanism where workers have a say in the decision making process of an enterprise. This term is interpreted in many ways by various parties to industrial relations, namely workers, management and government. Managers generally interpret it merely...

Methods and Machinery for the settlement of Industrial disputes Lasting industrial peace requires that the causes of industrial disputes should be eliminated. In other words, preventive steps should be taken so that industrial disputes do not occur. But if preventive machinery fails, then the industrial dispute settlement machinery should be activated by the government...

Approaches to Industrial Relations Ever since the Industrial Revolution various lines of thought concerning industrial relations have developed. People belonging to different walks of life have tried to explain industrial conflict in their own ways. The Industrial relations has been viewed from the various angles which may range from the economic and social, political...

Posted on Mar 12 2018 - 2:17pm by Preeti
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Types of Strikes   Strike is a very powerful weapon used by a trade union to get its demands accepted. It means quitting work by a group of workers for the purpose of bringing pressure on their employer to accept their demands. According to Industrial Dispute act, 1947 Strike means a cessation of work by a body of persons employed in any industry acting in combination,...