Co-ordination-Meaning, Definition, Features, Needs, Types -BBA/MBA-Notes

Co-ordination Meaning, Definition, Features, Needs, Types Meaning Co-ordination    is    the    unification,    integration, synchronisation of the efforts of group members so as to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals. Co-ordination is a necessary effort to solve conflict in the, organization. Definitions “Co-ordination is a set of human and structural mechanism designed to […]

Controlling- Meaning, Definition, Elements, Process, Types, Techniques and Barriers

Controlling  Meaning, Definition, Elements, Process, Types, Techniques and Barriers Concept & Definitions Controlling is one of the managerial functions like planning, organizing, directing and staffing. It is an important function because it helps to check the errors and to take the corrective action so that deviation from standers are minimized and stated goals of the […]

Indifference Curve – Meaning, Nature, Assumptions, Properties and Limitations

Indifference Curve Meaning, Nature, Assumptions, Properties and Limitations Meaning and Nature of Indifference Curve The realms of consumer behavior were expanded to new horizons with the introduction of indifference curve analysis by J.R. Hicks and R.G.D. Allen. The crux of this analysis is that utility is ordinally measurable. From the above discussion on ordinal approach, […]

Monetary Policy – Free BBA Notes/ MBA Notes

Monetary Policy Meaning, Objectives, Instruments, Transmission mechanism and limitations in developed and developing economies.   Meaning Monetary policy includes the actions of a central bank, currency board or any other regulatory committee that determines the size and rate of growth of the money supply, which in turn affects interest rates. It implies the regulation of […]

Demand Pull and Cost Push Inflation

Demand Pull and Cost Push Inflation 1. Demand Pull Inflation The demand-pull inflation occurs when the aggregate demand increases at a much higher rate than the aggregate supply. In other words, demand-pull inflation occurs when, given the aggregate supply, aggregate demand increases substantially. Increase in aggregate demand may be caused by i. monetary factors, i.e. […]

Inflation – Meaning, Definitions, Characteristics, Causes and types

Inflation Meaning, Definitions, Characteristics, Causes and types Meaning Inflation is a global phenomenon in present-day times. There is hardly any country in the capitalist world today which is not afflicted by the specter of inflation. Inflation is a sustained rise in the average level of prices. Notice, the word sustained. Inflation does not mean a […]

Business Cycle/Trade Cycle – Meaning, Definitions, Features, Phases and Theories

Business Cycle/Trade Cycle Meaning, Definitions, Features, Phases and Theories Business cycle is the periodic up and down movements in economic activities. It is also know as economic cycle or trade cycle It has been seen that economic activities measured in terms of production, employment and income move in a cyclical manner over a period of […]

The Consumer Protection Act 1986

The Consumer Protection Act 1986 The Consumer Protection Act 1986 Introduction Till 1985, the consumer, specifically in India, was neglected. Traders dominated the market in every aspect of business causing concern to the consumers. In spite of various provisions providing protection to the consumer and providing for stringent action against adulterated and sub-standard articles in […]

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